Friday, August 07, 2009

Why is intoxication so intoxicating? - rev 3

My suggested topic for the next Cafe Philo in New York City this coming week, Thursday, August 13, 2009, is "Why is intoxication so intoxicating?" I intended it as a fairly open-ended question, not intending to focus solely on drinking or solely on the physiological phenomenon of intoxication. It is not my intent to fully answer the question here, but to simply highlight some of the directions the question could go in.

Generally, I was thinking not so much about the specific physiological effects of intoxication per se, but the general effects in your conscious mind, regardless of whether the person is excited, stupefied, euphoric, enthusiastic, frenzied, giggly, sad, withdrawn, or loses their inhibitions. Whatever. The full range.

I would suggest that the state of intoxication is a matter of degree, so that a person could be partially intoxicated, or even only slightly intoxicated. In fact fully intoxicated or totally intoxicated or completely intoxicated might mean paralysis or loss of consciousness. I would simply suggest the term really intoxicated for a severe degree of intoxication that is short of total intoxication in that the person can still move a around at least a little and still even talk a little.

We engage in many pleasant and satisfying experiences in life, but many of them do not rise to the level of overwhelming us in the sense of intoxication, which can be characterized with terms such as:

  • Ecstasy
  • Euphoria
  • Great excitement
  • Compelling
  • Overwhelming
  • Irresistible
  • Extreme calm

I was not intending to limit the topic to alcohol or drugs as the agent of intoxication, but any substance or activity or sensory input which can take your mind to an intensely satisfying state, including:

  • Music, both vocal and instrumental 
  • Art
  • Poetry
  • Prose
  • Creativity - writing, art, composing music, poetry, etc.
  • Dance
  • Theater and other performances (even distinct from the role music might play)
  • Performing - acting, artistic, singing, etc.
  • Crowds, mobs, and other gatherings 
  • Athletic activity, including running or even hiking and walking
  • Exercise
  • Food
  • Power - the infamous "power trip"
  • Politics, both politicians themselves and their operatives
  • Ideas
  • Beauty
  • Sex
  • Religion, spirituality, awe of a deity
  • Church
  • Prayer
  • Meditation
  • Yoga
  • Community, fellowship
  • Scenery
  • Nature
  • Dramatic weather, water conditions
  • Television
  • Shopping
  • Combat, fighting, killing
  • Selling
  • Coping with dramatic emergency response
  • Drama
  • Hobbies
  • Games
  • Puzzles, such as Sudoku
  • Competition
  • Children - experiencing their growth and success
  • Work - that you truly enjoy and find deeply satisfying, workaholics
  • Inspiration
  • Aspiration
  • Driving, flying, skydiving, scuba diving, skiing
  • Obsessions
  • Chocolate
  • Travel
  • Learning
  • Teaching
  • Dancing
  • Jokes
  • Comedy
  • Cartoons
  • Humor
  • Fashion
  • Lifestyle
  • Money
  • Precious metals such as gold, silver, and platinum
  • Precious stones
  • Lying
  • Storytelling
  • Confidence scams
  • People watching
  • Voyeurism
  • Stalking
  • Fishing
  • Hunting
  • Reading pulp fiction - the infamous "page turners"
  • Internet
  • Truth
  • Success
  • Lottery
  • Winning
  • Closing deals
  • Love
  • Infatuation
  • Desire
  • Lust
  • Gossip
  • Idleness
  • Daydreaming
  • Breaking laws (or rules)
  • Sugar
  • Cookies
  • Television
  • Cell phones
  • Texting
  • Vacation
  • Lying on the beach
  • Lying in the sun
  • Computer programming
  • Saving lives
  • Trekkies
  • Pride
  • Accomplishment
  • Achievement
  • Award
  • Compliment
  • Peer acknowledgement
  • The Big City - NYC, et al
  • Bright Lights
  • Movies
  • Life itself
  • Fraud - Madoff fits in here somewhere
  • Confidence schemes
  • Listening - rapt attention
  • What else?

Intoxication might be intentional or it could be inadvertent, but I was thinking about what drives or motivates a person to consciously desire and then decide to pursue any activity which could lead to intoxication. In addition to clinical maladies such as addiction and alcoholism, "reasons" for seeking intoxication include:

  • Escape
  • Cope with stress
  • Moderate the impact of the real world - turn down the "volume"
  • Exaggerate the real world - turn up the "volume"
  • Boredom
  • Depression
  • Excitement
  • Celebration
  • Relax
  • Free from inhibitions
  • Bonding with peers
  • Experience something beyond and out of the daily experiences of this world
  • Fear
  • What else?

A person might specifically seek the state of intoxication or maybe they are simply seeking to get away from one or more aspects on the world that they normally experience when they are not intoxicated.

We could examine the impact of intoxication on a person's mind, even after the state of intoxication "wears off." A person might seek intoxication solely for the experience while in that state of mind, or quite possibly for mental effects that might persist even when the person is no longer intoxicated.

Typically, intoxication degrades performance, with the exception of a modest intoxication which can moderate excessive inhibitions that might usually by themselves inhibit performance. But, conceptually, couldn't there be some forms of performance that might be enhanced by intoxication, either during intoxication, or after the return to a "normal" state of mind?

If intoxication can degrade individual performance, but yet so many people pursue intoxication, is performance overrated and not so much a driver in our society as we might have thought? Do we really have that much "free" time? Or, is the pursuit of intoxication a huge drag precluding significant social progress. Or, maybe there is too much "change" potential in society and intoxication might be a great sponge to soak up excess energy that might have been otherwise been channeled into more destructive urges.

There is also the question of what factors are in play at the threshold between a normal desire for intoxication and an unhealthy addiction. What causes a person to cross that threshold. For that matter, if intoxication really is so intoxicating, what keeps people from crossing that threshold?

And finally (not really), if intoxication is so intoxicating, why do so many people avoid it? Somehow, do they manage to find some other path to a state of mind that they find even more satisfying than some external agent of intoxication? Or, maybe they simply find life itself to be intoxicating enough that the "artificial" forms of intoxication are less than desirable to them?

Then there are my usual evolutionary questions:

  • Do animals (and maybe even plants) experience intoxication similar to the way we do?
  • Did early man experience intoxication in the same way as we do?
  • Even earliest man?
  • Or was there some discrete evolutionary step?
  • Was our current metabolic experience of intoxication something developed (evolved) to cope with the increasing socialization of human activity? Or maybe an evolutionary step that enabled that socialization?

-- Jack Krupansky


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